CAREER CHOICES AND COURSES TO DO AFTER 12TH PCM
There is a wide range of career options available after one completes 12th with physics, chemistry and Science (PCM). Science is one of the popular streams of study for the students. Most students are ill-equipped and are unclear about these courses and career opportunities. This article will therefore provide some guidance on career options for students after their 12th PCM.
The PCM subjects can lead to well respected career options that one can pursue after their 12th . Here are some courses one can choose after completing their 10+2 with PCM.
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING(BE/B.TECH)
BE or Bachelor of Engineering is a professional undergraduate program of four years. It is one of the most popular streams of education one can choose after completing 12th PCM. There is a wide range of specializations available, from electrical to civil. One can start doing jobs immediately after obtaining their bachelor’s degree.
Branches: Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Civil Engineering branches are the major branches of Engineering. Computer Science Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Mechatronics, Aerospace Engineering etc. are some of the most demanding branches which are derivative from the main branches.
Course fees: The course fees depend on the type of institution or organization (pvt. /public). Generally the course fees on an average range between Rupees 25000 to 2 lakhs per annum.
Top Colleges in India in BE: Indian Institute of Technology (Madras), Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi), Indian Institute of Technology (Mumbai), Indian Institute of Technology(Kharagpur), Indian Institute ofTechnology, (Kanpur), among others.
Job Opportunities: BE salary packages depend on the specialization
one has chosen. The average salary of a BE graduate is nearly Rupees 6.53 per
annum. Some of the employment roles are Computer Hardware Engineer,
Technical Engineer, Hardware and Network Engineer, Computer architect,
Quality Control Engineer, etc.
BACHELOR OF COMPUTER APPLICATION(BCA)
BCA OR Bachelor of Computer Application is one the fastest growing career ranges for 12th graduates (in PCM). This course teaches about computer languages and their uses in software applications, applications and many more. Most BCA graduates get high paying jobs in the IT sector. An MCA degree can lead people into management position jobs in big IT companies.
Subjects Offered: The subjects offered in the course of BCA are; Computer Fundamentals, C- Programming, Operating Systems, etc.
Top Colleges in India for BCA: Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research (Pune), Christ University (Bengaluru), Amity Institute of Information Technology, Loyola College (Chennai), among others.
Job Opportunities: The average starting salary is around 3 to 8 lakhs per year in top IT companies and MNC’s such as Amazon, Cognizant, Google, Wipro, TCS, etc.
BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE(BArch)
Bachelor of architecture or BArch is an undergraduate degree program of 4 years. This degree involves the art of planning deigning, constructing physical structures such as buildings, bridges, etc.
Subjects Offered: Computer Stimulation, Landscape design, Building Materials and Stimulation, Theory of Architecture, Fundamental of Architecture Studios, etc.
Top Colleges in India for Architecture: Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur), Indian Institute of Technology (Roorkee), National Institute of Technology (Calicut), SPA Delhi-School of Planning and Architecture, CEPT University, among others.
Job Opportunities: The average starting salary is around 2to 4 lakhs per annum. The salary although depends on the skill and position and the company. The average salary of a project architect is nearly 5 lakhs per annum, while of a project manager is 9.5 lakhs per annum and a senior principal manager earns about 19.5 lakhs per annum. Some of the top recruiters are Gaursons India, Christopher Charles Benninger Architects, Oscar and Ponni Architects, among others.
BACHELOR IN SCIENCE
BSc or Bachelor in science (in pure sciences) in an undergraduate course that aspirants can take up to pursue a career in science. A BSc course is usually for 3 years, divided into 6 semesters.
Subjects Offered: Mechanics, differential Calculus, Thermal Physics, Quantum Mechanics, Analog and Instrumental, Nuclear and Particle Physics, etc.
Top Colleges in India for BSC: Miranda House (Delhi), Hindu College (Delhi), St, Xavier’s College (Mumbai), Loyola College (Chennai), Madras Christian College (Chennai), Presidency College (Chennai), among others.
Jobs Offered: The average starting salary of a candidate ranges between 3 to 6 lakhs. A Graduation in Physics enables a candidate to join research-based jobs as well as careers in business,etc. the top 5 job opportunities include engineering professionals, programmers and software developers, physicists, finance and investment analysts and advisers. Career options based on a degree in Mathematics are Operational Researcher, Research Scientist, Investment analyst, Quantity Surveyor, etc. some career options for chemistry graduates are; Chemical engineer, Chemical analyst, Forensic scientist, Pharmacologist, among many.
BACHELOR IN SCIENCE (IN IT AND SOFTWARE)
Bachelors in IT and Software, also known as Bachelors in Information Technology (BSIT or Bsc IT) are an undergraduate course pursued by students after 12th . The duration of this course is about three to four years. BSc graduates get high paying jobs and can start immediately after completing their Graduation.
Subjects Offered: Some of the important subjects offered in the BscIT degree course are Technical Communication Skills, Networking and Internet Environment, Content Management system, etc.
Top colleges in India for BsIt : St. Xavier’s College (Mumbai), Jai Hind College (Mumbai), Vels College (Chennai), among others.
Jobs Offered: The average salary ranges between 2 to 4 lakhs per annum. The nature of the job and salary depends on the level of expertise of the individual in the field. Some of the job profiles include Quality analyst, Technology engineers, Programmers, Software developer, etc.
There are other trending courses that can be taken after 12th PCM. These are as follows:
- PRODUCT DESIGN
In today’s world, digitalization has reached new heights and therefore products and marketing of these products have becomesmart’. Hence, there is a need for professional product designers. These courses are just not about designing, they are also taught about product, marketing and sales. Product designers find jobs in product-based industries and agencies.
- COMMERCIAL PILOT
Many institutions and colleges offer commercial pilot courses that one can pursue. With the advancement of the aviation industry and price cut down of the aviation services, the need for commercial pilots have gone up. Therefore, there are a number of jobs available in this industry with a high pay scale.
Previously, there were only a few institutions providing degree courses for animation. Nowadays, professional animation courses are offered by reputed institutes. Animation studios hire these artists.
There is a vast range of courses, both Traditional and modern that a student can pursue after 12th class PCM, engineering is not the only best option that a candidate can opt after taking PCM in their plus two’s as stated above.